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Collections

Bramblesort

The Vascular Plant Herbarium aims to give a complete illustration of the flora of Wales by means of collections which are international in scope, importance and quality. To enable the Welsh flora to be put into context, there is also material from the remainder of the British Isles, Europe and the rest of the world. The collections are of international importance.

The herbarium originated in 1870 when Cardiff Museum purchased a small collection of dried plants collected in the 1830's by Charles Conway. This collection was added to by John Storrie who gave his collections to the Museum in 1888, and around 1900, two important collections were received from A. Bennett and H.J. Riddelsdell. In 1912 the collection was taken over by the newly constituted National Museum of Wales, when it constituted some 3,500 mounted specimens. By 1997 the collections had expanded to some 235,000 specimens through gifts, exchange, purchase of herbaria and new collections.

The herbarium contains approximately 40% Welsh material, 25% remainder of British Isles, 22% foreign and 3% cultivated. Virtually all native British plants are represented, as well as many introduced species. There are good collections of critical groups including Taraxacum, Hieracium, Euphrasia and the outstanding Rubus collection. Associated collections include the library, timber collections, photographic slides, spirit, carpological, seed, stamps and cigarette cards and economic plants.

Research strengths within the section include taxonomy, distribution and ecology of UK plants, conservation of rare plants, vegetation and environmental impact assessment.

  • National Museum Cardiff

    National Museum Cardiff

    Discover art, natural history and geology. With a busy programme of exhibitions and events, we have something to amaze everyone, whatever your interest – and admission is free!

  • St Fagans National History Museum

    St Fagans

    St Fagans is one of Europe's foremost open-air museums and Wales's most popular heritage attraction.

  • Big Pit National Coal Museum

    Big Pit

    Big Pit is a real coal mine and one of Britain's leading mining museums. With facilities to educate and entertain all ages, Big Pit is an exciting and informative day out.

  • National Wool Museum

    National Wool Museum

    Located in the historic former Cambrian Mills, the Museum is a special place with a spellbinding story to tell.

  • National Roman Legion Museum

    National Roman Legion Museum

    In AD 75, the Romans built a fortress at Caerleon that would guard the region for over 200 years. Today at the National Roman Legion Museum you can learn what made the Romans a formidable force and how life wouldn't be the same without them.

  • National Slate Museum

    National Slate Museum

    The National Slate Museum offers a day full of enjoyment and education in a dramatically beautiful landscape on the shores of Llyn Padarn.

  • National Waterfront Museum

    National Waterfront Museum

    The National Waterfront Museum at Swansea tells the story of industry and innovation in Wales, now and over the last 300 years.

  • Rhagor: Explore our collections

    Rhagor (Welsh for ‘more’) offers unprecedented access to the amazing stories that lie behind our collections.