Collections Sources

M–Z

Mabille, Jules (1831-1904): Worked in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. He described the results of many expeditions. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 53: 482-483.

McAndrew, Robert (1801-1873): Collector from Liverpool, UK. Travelled much in Spain and southern Europe. Did a lot of deep sea dredging. Father of J. J. MacAndrew and grandfather of V. W. MacAndrew. His collection, which also contained the collections of H. Adams and W. H. Benson, was left to the Cambridge University Museum of Zoology, UK, though there are large series in the Royal Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh, UK, and the Natural History Museum, London, UK, the latter containing the types of new species described by H. Adams from the MacAndrew collection and material from the Canary Islands, Spain, Portugal and Mogador. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dean, J. Davy. 1936. Conchological Cabinets of the Last Century. Journal of Conchology, 20 (number 8): 232-240.

McAndrew, Vernon (d. 1940): British. Collector. Grandson of R. MacAndrew and nephew of J. J. MacAndrew. He bought the latters collection in 1918, which contained part of the Marie collection, and the collection of Mrs de Burgh in 1919. He left his collection to the British Museum (Natural History), London [now the Natural History Museum, London, UK]. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Maltzan, Hermann (1843-1891): Malacologist. His collection was bought by the Linnaean Institute of Berlin in 1889 and dispersed. There are many shells in the Natural History Museum, London. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P.1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 217 and Bijl, A. N. van der, 1992. De malacologische collectie van Artis 1838-1900. Amsterdam: 111,112, 122, 128, 140, 141, 160 (example of label)

Mann, William M. (1886-1960): Zoo Director and Shell collector. Collected in the Solomon Islands and elsewhere for the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Abbott, R. Tucker, and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 129

Marie, Edouard Auguste (1835-1888): Spent many years in New Caledonia and Madagascar where he made large collections of local faunas, as well terrestrial shells from NW Africa obtained by exchange. Part of his collection was acquired by J. J. MacAndrew and is now in the Natural History Museum, London. Nearly all his type specimens however are in the Journal de Conchyliologie collection in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France) and the P. Dautzenberg collection in the Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique(Brussels, Belgium). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary in Journal de Conchyliologie, 37: 94-95

Marrat, Frederick Price (1820-1904): Of Liverpool, UK. Collector. Especially interested in Marginella. Arranged and identified the Dennison collection ready for sale. His own collection is now in Liverpool Museum, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal of Conchology, 11: 225-227 and North Western Naturalist, new series, 1: 442-449

Marsh, Phil Lewis (1891-1957): Amateur malacologist. Honorary Associate Curator of Molluscs in the Michigan University Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, from 1938 till his death. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See van der Schalie, H., 1958. The Nautilus, 72: 64-66.

Marshall, John Thomas (1842-1922): Collector. Conchologist. His non-marine shells are in Nottingham Museum, UK, and his British marine shells are in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. also material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales. A large collection of shells dredged up by the Porcupine expedition is in the Natural History Museum, London, UK, ex collection Sykes along with various manuscript material. See Journal of Conchology, 17: 99-103.

Martel, Capitaine Paul: Attached to an artillery batallion in NW Africa and collected extensively in the period from 1909 to 1918. He supplied material to collectors such as Dautzenberg (1915) and Pallary (1917-1919), In 1909 he was based in NE. Morocco collecting around Oudja, Beni Snassen and Beni Mattar. He made further collections in the region during June 1910. Between 21 April 1911 and 20 July 1914 he was in active service in NE. Morocco, visiting Debdou and Merada initially, continuing to visit all these areas through 1912 to 1913, he was later involved in the occupation of Taza (1914), one of the last strongholds of resistance in North Africa. He continued to collect on his return to N. Africa, mainly from the montane regions between Oudja and Fez. Paul Pallary based an entire paper on material collected by Martel (1920) and also describes the areas where Martel collected, and some material collected by Martel is now in the Melvill-Tomlin Collection. Son of Henri Martel (1846-1927). See Journal de Conchyliologie, 71: 401-402 (obituary of Henri Martel).

Martens, Carl Eduard von (1831-1904): German malacologist who journeyed overland in south-east Asia in the 1860's. He worked in the Berlin Zoological Museum, Germany. Most of his collection is housed.in the Humboldt Museum, Berlin. Most of the material described in the molluscan section of Biologia Centrali Americana is in the Natural History Museum (London, UK) with some in the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA) and a few types in the Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale (Tervuren, Belgium). There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the Smithsonian Institution (Washington D.C., USA). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 11: 171-173.

May, William Lewis (1861-1925): Specialised in chitons and Tasmanian molluscs. His collection is now in the Tasmanian Museum, Hobart, Tasmania, with type specimens in the South Australian Museum, Adelaide Museum, Australia. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See The Nautilus, 39: 140-141.

Meer Mohr, Johannes Carolus van der (b. 1892): Worked in Java and Sumatra. Collections of shells in the the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Steenis-Kruseman, M. J. van. 1950, Malaysian Plant Collectors and Collections being a cyclopedia of Botanical Exploration in Malaysia and a guide to the concerned literature up to the year 1950 in Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, edit., Flora Malaysiana, 1: 354.

Messager (d. 1915): Material in the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, ex Denis collection. Types of new specieces described by Bavay and Dautzenberg in Journal de Conchyliologie collection in the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Mol, Gustaaf Alexander de (b. 1893): Worked in Java and Sumatra. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Mollendorf, Otto Franz von (1848-1903): Diplomat and Malacologist. Collector. Travelled widely. Specialised in land and freshwater mollusca. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 6: 73-74.

Moller, Hans Peter Christian (1810-1845): In 1843 the British Museum [now the Natural History Museum], London, UK, bought shells that had been used to illustrate Index Molluscarum Groenlandiae written by him. Also a collection in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Moniz, J.M.: Madeiran shells in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Monterosato, Tommaso di Maria Allery (1841-1927): His main collection, which includes the collections of Calcara and Brugnone, is in the Zoological Museum, Rome, Italy, but there is also material in the Norman collection in the Natural History Museum, London, UK; the Dublin Museum, Eire; the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark; and in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Giornale di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche di Palermo, 35: 1-12. and Journal of Conchology, 19: 37-40.

Morch, Otto Andreas Lowson (1828-1878): Conchologist. He catalogued several other peoples collections for sale such as Kierulf and Yoldi. Morchs own collection is in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark, with some specimens in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 75: 214-225. See Bieler (1996) for list of Morch's type material of the worm-snail taxa in American Malacological Bulletin, 13 (1/2) 23-36.

Morlet, Laurent-Joseph (1823-1892): Reported on Mollusca collected in Tunisia by ANDRE ('medecin-major au 15e bataillon de chasseurs') during the expedition to explore the 'region des Chotts'. The 31 terrestrial species [living and fossil] obtained included one that was described and figured as new; several of the others were apparently listed in error (Helix soluta; perhaps Acme Letourneuxi). In a short biographical note, Crosse (1893) recorded that, following a distinguished career in the army, Morlet worked for many years as 'preparateur' at the Paris Museum and published frequently in the Journal de Conchyliologie. Morlet's collections of Indo-Chinese shells went to P. Dautzenberg and are now in the Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique (Brussels, Belgium), and to J. C. H. Crosse whose collection is now in the Journal de Conchyliologie collection and his recent and fossil Ringicula are in the école des Mines Collections both now at Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France) (Dance 1986). Obituary in Journal de Conchyliologie, 41: 78-80)

Mortensen, T.: Leader of the Danish Expedition to Siam 1899-1900. The mollusca were described by H. Lynge. Collection in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark. Some New Zealand shells in the Rijksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Moss, William (1845-1913): Amateur conchologist. Specialised in radulae. Was instrumental in inducing R. D. Darbishire to acquire the collection of Lifu mollusca formed by the Reverend James and Mrs Hadfield and bringing it to UK. He gave a collection of shells to the Manchester Grammer School, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal of Conchology, 14: 169-171.

Murray, John (1841-1914): Was one of the naturalists on board HMS Challenger. In 1881 he succeeded Wyville Thomson as editor of the Challenger Reports. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 58, Proceedings: xl-xliii.

Naegele, G. (1841-1914): Collection in Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-on-main, Germany. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Nevill, Geoffrey (d. 1885): Worked in the Indian Museum. Brother of Hugh Nevill with whom he worked on Indian mollusca. His collection is in the Indian Museum, Calcutta, India, and the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 220. Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1946. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 26, part 6: 178

Nevill, Hugh (d. 1897): Collector. Worked for the Ceylon civil service. Brother of Geoffrey Nevill with whom he worked on Indian mollusca. His collection was sold in London, UK, in May 1904. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Zoologist, 1: 230 (1897); Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1941. Shell Sales. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 24, part 4: 159

Newcomb, Wesley (1818-1892): Amateur conchologist. Visited Antilles, 18946-1847; California, 1849; Hawaii, 1850-1855, New York, 1856; Europe (with A. A. Gould), 1857. Sanitary expert on San Domingo expedition aboard USS Tennessee. His collection was bought by Mr. Cornell and is now in Cornell University, USA, where he was a curator 1870-1888. Some types in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Stearns, R. E. C., 1892. The Nautilus, 5: 121-124, portrait.

Nobre, Augustus P. (1865-1946): Started his malacological career at the museum of Edward Allen (later the Municipal Museum of Porto) then he moved to Paris to work at the Laboratoire des Hauts Etudes under the direction of Edmond Perrier. On his return to Porto he became teaching assistant to the Botany Department and then to the Zoology Department at the University. He started up a departmental natuural history museum and in 1901 was appointed assistant naturalist of the museum. In 1912 he was appointed Professor Extraordinario of Zoology at the College of Sciences at Porto and then in 1915 made Professor Ordinaro. After his death the Institut of Zoology of the University of Porto was renamed the Institut of Zoology Dr. Augusto Nobre. Collection in the Nobre Museum, Lisbon, Portugal, and the Institut of Zoology Dr. Augusto Nobre, Porto, Portugal. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Mateus, A., 1981. O Prof. Doutor Augusto Nobre, malacologista. Bolm. Soc. port Cienc. nat., 20: 83-90.

Norman, Alfred Merle (1831-1918): Clergyman and Amateur conchologist. Collection in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. His library was sold in Berkhamstead, UK, in February 1919. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal of Conchology, 16: 40-41, 86.

Norohna, Adolfo Cesar d' (1865-1946): Madeiran collector. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Material also in Natural History Museum London.

Oberwimmer, Alfred (1875-1930): He exchanged shells with J. R. le B. Tomlin so some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See: Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 63: 80-81

Odhner, Nils Hjalmar (1884-1973): Worked in the Rijksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Pallary, Paul (1869-1942): Click here for further information.

Parreyss, Ludwig (also known as Joseph Mann): Lived in Vienna, Austria. Shells bought by the Natural History Museum, London, UK, between 1841 and 1847. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Peile, Alfred James (1868-1948): Honorary curator in the Natural History Museum (London, UK). He was interested in molluscan radulae and the shells of Bermuda. J. R. le B. Tomlin's collection of radula slides in the National Museum of Wales contains many of Peile's slides. His collection was distributed amongst his friends. All type specimens are in the Natural History Museum (London, UK), and his main radula collection is in the National Museums of Scotland (Edinburgh, UK) with a smaller collection in the the Natural History Museum (London, UK). Obituary: Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 28: 5-7. Journal of Conchology, 23: 21.

Petit de la Saussaye, Sauveur (1792-1870): Founder of the Journal de Conchyliologie in 1850. His collection is in Rouen, France, though some shells and types are in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris, France). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Journal de Conchyliologie, 19: 86-88. See also Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 145, 163, 221.

Ponsonby, John Henry (1848-1916): Assumed the surname Ponsonby-Fane when he inherited his fathers estates. Collector. Amateur conchologist, specialising in non-marine mollusca. His collection was sold to Bryant Walker. Some South African material and other specimens in the Natural History Museum (London, UK). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Powell, Arthur William Baden (1901-1987): Worked in the Auckland Museum, New Zealand, where his main collection is now housed. Types of the new species described from the Discovery expedition in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum, 25: 1-38.

Preston, Hugh Berthon (1871-1945): Syntype material from many parts of the world was sold by Preston to Tomlin. Hugh Preston was originally a tea planter in Cylon [Sri Lanka], later known as a professional conchologist and dealer circa 1900-1915. His stock was sold in London, UK, in December 1915. His type specimens are widespread, mainly in the Natural History Museum, (London, UK) but also the Indian Museum, Calcutta, India; the Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK; Michigan University Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, collection Blok in the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; and Dautzenberg collection in the Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, (Brussels, Belgium). Many of his new names in Museum collections are only MSS names. The Melvill-Tomlin collection has many Preston syntypes from East Africa, India, Pacific Islands; marine freshwater and land-snails syntypes are all present in the collection, many of which are as yet, not isolated or on the on-line databases. Please contact us directly for further information. List of new names: Adam, W. 1971. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgiques, 47. Obituary: Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 27: 4-5.

Prete, Dottre R. del: Of Viareggio, Italy. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Example of a del Prete label.

Prévost, Honore-Albert (1821-1883): Collector. His collection was bought by G. B. Sowerby 3rd and dispersed. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 32: 102.

Priester, Leunis de (b. 1880): Brother of Miss G. J. de Priester, a teacher in Java, and Dr. W. F. de Priester, landing surgeon of the Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (Royal Steam Navigation Company) at Batavia, Java. Worked as an honorary collaborator in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. His collection was especially good in East Indies material. Donated specimens to the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1909 and on several later occasions. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: van Benthem Jutting, W. S. S., 1969. In memoriam Leunis de Priester . Correspondentieblad van de Nederlandsche Malacologische Vereeniging, 130: 1391

Pringle, J. J.: With the Port Elizabeth Museum and Snake Park circa 1947. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Pulliene, Robert Henry (1869-1935): Amateur naturalist. Collector. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 59: v-vi.

Puzey, Henry J.: South African Journalist and Collector. His collection was taken over by J. D. Casey circa 1932. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Quadras, Jose Florencio: Collected mainly in the Philippines. His collection was acquired by W. F. Webb in 1894 and dispersed. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Quekett, J. F.: Curator of the Pietermaritzburg Museum, Natal, South Africa, circa 1892. Presented South African shells to the Natural History Museum, London, in 1902. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Quick, Hamilton Ernest (1882-1967): Born in Sydney, Australia. Came back to Britain to be educated and stayed. Lived in Swansea and Reading, UK. Donated British material to the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, between 1932 and 1946. Obituary: Stratton, L. W., 1968. Journal of Conchology, 26: 275-277 (with portrait)

Rashleigh junior, Jonathan (1845-1872): Possessed a large collection of Cypraea. His collection was still in store in London in 1888 and its present whereabouts is unknown. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dean, J. Davy. 1936. Conchological Cabinets of the Last Century. Journal of Conchology, 20 (number 8): 247

Rawson, Rawson William (1811-1899): Collector. Travelled widely in the colonial service. Was Governor of the Bahamas and Windward Islands. His collection was sold in London in June 1900 and June 1903. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 9: 319-320. See also Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1949. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 27, part 6: 255

Redfield, John Howard (1815-1895): Conchologist. He published two catalogues of his collection, one for the operculate land shells in 1850 and one for the Marginellidae in 1851. He left his collection to the Academy of Natural Sciences (Philadelphia, USA). There are also shells in the American Museum of Natural History (New York, USA) and the Museum of Comparative Zoology (Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 223; Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1946. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 27, part 3: 120; Abbott, R. Tucker, and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 148.

Reeve, Lovell Augustus (1814-1865): Conchologist. He was the author of Conchologica Iconica. He was also a dealer. In about 1835 he bought the collection of General Ryder in Rotterdam and with the profit he made when he re-sold it set himself up as a dealer and publisher. He was a good friend of Hugh Cuming. A small private collection of Reeve was sold in London in May 1864 and January 1866. Many of his types are in the Natural History Museum, London, and the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. See: Melvill, J. C., 1900. Lovell Reeve: a brief sketch of his life and career, with a fragment of an autobiography, excerpts from his diary (1849) and correspondence. Journal of Conchology, 9: 344-357 and Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting; plate 26 (portrait)

Rehder, Harald Alfred (b. 1907): Senior Zoologist, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Abbott, R. T.and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists.

Remington, P. Sheldon (b. 1899): Amateur conchologist. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See: Abbott, R. T.and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 414.

Rensch, B.: There is a letter from Rensch in the Tomlin archive in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK written from the Zoologisches Museum der Universitat Berlin dated 1930. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Retowski, Otto von (1849-1925): Main collection in Warsaw Zoolological Museum and some types in Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-on-main, Germany. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 58: 237-238.

St John, H. C.: John Gwyn Jeffreys presented the molluscs collected by Captain H. C. St John during a cruise to Japan and Korea in 1875 on board HMS Sylvia to the Natural History Museum, London, UK, in 1873. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Sarasin, Fritz (1859-1942): Collection in Basle Natural History Museum, Switzerland. Three specimens of Miratesta celebensis presented to the Natural History Museum, London, UK, in 1898 by Drs C. and F. Sarasin. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 75: 82-89.

Sarasin, Paul (1856-1929): Collection in Basle Natural History Museum, Switzerland. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Sars, Georg Ossian (1837-1927): Collection in Oslo Museum. Some types and other specimens in Jeffreys collection in the United Satates National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA; and Norman collection in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: The Nautilus, 41: 31-32.

Saxton: A collector in New Caledonia who gave E. L. Layard many specimens. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Schackleford, Lewis John (1857-1917): Amateur conchologist. Spent eighteen years in New Zealand and Australia returning to Britain in 1897. He co-authored with J. R. le B. Tomlin on papers on the marine molluscs of Sao Thomé. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 15: 193-194.

Schalie, Henry van der (1907-1986): Curator of mollusks at Michigan University, USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See also Russert-Kraemer, L. and Berry, E. G., 1986. "Things Truly Excellent...". Henry van der Schalie. The Nautilus, 100: 116-119.

Schepman, Mattheus Marinus (1847-1919): Wrote two short notes describing the genital anatomy of Helix mograbina (Morelet) and Helix degenerans (Mousson). This is one of the earliest uses of genital anatomy for classification of Helices of NW. Africa, and was subsequently followed by Hesse. In his later years he turned his attention away from NW. Africa, to expedition publishing on the prosobranchs of the Siboga expedition 1908-1913. His collection was bought by the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 64: 345.

Schilder, Franz Alfred (1896-1970): Biologist at the state institute at Naumberg/Saale. Later assistant director and honorary professor of zoology at Halle after the war. Amateur malacologist. Specialised in cowries. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 27: 429-432; pl. 17.

Schlaefli, Alexander Friederich (1831-1863): Collected in Armenia and Mesopotamia. The shells were described by A. Mousson 1874. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Schelesch, Hans Andreas (1891-1962): Amateur malacologist. Lived in Denmark. Practised for some years in Iceland. Presented a collection of shells to Hull Museum, UK, which was later destroyed by bombing. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See The Conchologists Newsletter, 1988, no. 105: 97-98. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 25: 202-203.

Schmaker, Bernard (1813-1896):Manager of a trading firm based in Shanghai. Collected mainly land and freshwater molluscs from the far east. The types of the Clausiliidae he described with O. Boettger are in Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt-on-main, Germany. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: The Nautilus, 10: 72. See Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 225

Schomburgk, Robert Hermann (1804-1865): He went to the West Indies for ten years in 1830 and in 1841 was a member of the Boundary Commission for British Guiana. At one time he was the British representative in Siam [Thailand]. His collection was sold in London in October 1865. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Schroeder: Associated with the second voyage of the Albatross. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Schweinfurth, Georg August (1836-1925): Professor of Anthropolgy and Ethnology in Berlin circa 1885. Collection in the Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 225 and Cleevely, R. J., 1983 World Palaeontological Collections: 284.

Seguenza, Guiseppe (1833-1889): Professor of Geology and mineralogy at Messina where his collection was housed until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1908. There is some material in the collection Monterosato in the Zoological Museum, Rome, Italy and collection Priolo at Catania, Italy. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Bolletino Società Malacologica Italiana, 14: 10-12 and Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 226..

Shopland, E. R.: Shells from Aden in the Natural History Museum, London, UK, with some others in Exeter Museum, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Shuttleworth, Robert James (1810-1874): Lived most of his life in Switzerland. Wrote mostly in German. Collection in the Berne Natural History Museum, Switzerland, and Basle Natural History Museum, Switzerland. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 23: 99-100.

Slater, H. H.: One of the naturalists sent by the Royal Society on an expedition in 1874-1875 to the Kerguélen Islands and Rodriguez [Rodrigues] in the Indian Ocean to observe the transit of Venus. The other naturalists were G. Gulliver and A. E. Eaton. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Smith, Edgar Albert (1847-1916): Worked in the British Museum (Natural History), London [now theNatural History Museum, London, UK], where most of his type specimens are now housed, except for primary type specimens of new species decribed from the Investigator expedition which are in the Indian Museum, Calcutta, India. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Trew, A., 1993. Edgar Albert Smith's New Molluscan Names. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff (Out of Print). Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 15: 150-153.

Smith, Herbert Huntingdon (1851-1920): Amateur conchologist. Staff member at the the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Curator of the State Museum, Alabama, USA, 1903. Traveled in Brazil, West Indies, Colombia and Mexico. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Clapp, G. H., 1920. The Nautilus, 33: 136-141. Abbott, R. Tucker, and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 158

Smith, Maxwell (1888-1961): Collector. Volunteer worker, American Museum of Natural History, 1905-1908. Received Honorary D. Sci from University of Alabama in exchange for his collection. Donated specimens to the the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1908. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Baily, J. L., 1962. The Nautilus, 76: 33-34; portrait: The Nautilus, 75: 165.

Souverbie, Saint-Martin (1815-1891): Collection in the Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, Bordeaux , France, and some in the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 40: 112-113.

Sowerby, George Brettingham 2nd (1812-1884): Son of G. B. Sowerby 1st (1778-1854) and father of G. B. Sowerby 3rd (1843-1921). There is some type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Sowerby, George Brettingham 3rd (1843-1921): Dealer. Grandson of G. B. Sowerby 1st and son of G. B. Sowerby 2nd (1812-1884). He was a dealer and for a while was in in partnership with H. C. Fulton. He described many new species himself. There is some type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Spratt: There is a list of shells in the Tomlin archive in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, labelled "ex Spratt collection per Bowring". Material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Stainforth, Francis J. (d. 1869): Collector. Served in the British Army in India. He later took holy orders. His collection was used by L. A. Reeve for his Conchologica Iconica and was sold by auction circa 1850. He had a son, General Stainforth, who died circe 1890 and who carried on his fathers interests. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Melvill, J. C., 1890. British Pioneers in Recent Conchological Science. Journal of Conchology, 6: 211-212; Dean, J. Davy, 1936. Conchological Cabinets of the Last Century. Journal of Conchology, 20 (number 8): 239; Dance, S. P., 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 166, 226

Standen, Robert (1854-1925): Became assistant keeper of zoology in the Manchester Museum, UK. Some types in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Published with J.C Melvill. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 17: 225-235.

Stearn, Frederick (1832-1907): Shell collection given to Grand Rapids Musem and then in 1941 transferred to Harvard College, USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Stearns, Robert Edwards Carter (1827-1909): Newspaper editor and university administrator. Naturalist. Assistant curator of mollusks in the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., USA, 1885-1892 where his collection is now housed. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Dall, W. H., 1909. The Nautilus, 23: 70-72. See also Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 226

Stelfox, Arthur Wilson (1883-1972): Worked in the National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, from 1920-1948. His British non-marine mollusc collection is in Liverpool Museum, England, UK. His main Pisidium collection went to H. B. Herrington and thence to the Michigan University Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, (Michigan, USA). There is also material in the National Museum of Canada, Ottowa. Other Pisidium, including types and manuscripts, are in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 27: 520-522; pl. 20. See also The Conchologists Newsletter, 1988, no. 105: 97-98; Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 227

Sterki, Victor (1846-1933): Malacologist. Settled in America in 1888. He was an honorary assistant in the the Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 1909-1933, where his collection is now housed. He specialised in Pupillidae and Sphaeridae. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Brooks, S. T., 1933. The Nautilus, 46: 134-136. Dexter, R. W., 1967. Dr. Victor Sterki as a Malacologist. Sterkiana, 26: 6-8.

Stimpson, William (1832-1872): Collected extensively in eastern Canada, 1849. Worked in Louis Agassiz marine laboratory, 1850-1852. Was on Wilkes United States Exploring Expedition 1852-1856 to Japan, Bering Strait and south-east Asia. Director of the Chicago Academy of Science, USA, 1865-1871. His collection, notes and illustrations were destroyed in the Chicago fire of 1871 though there is some material in other collections, eg. the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark, and collection Jeffreys in the United Satates National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dall, W. H., 1888. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 4: 129-133, portrait.

Strubell, Bruno: The sale of the collection of Carl Bulow, a German, took place in London, UK, in February 1913 and August 1923. The collection was particularly rich in land shells the majority of which had been collected in Indonesia by Strubell. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P., 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 157

Stubbs, Arthur Goodwin (1871-1950): Amateur conchologist. His collection of non-marine molluscs went to his grandson, D. A. Richardson. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. There is also a collection of some 213 lots of non marine shells from Tenby in Tenby Museum, Dyfed, Wales, UK which are probably from this source. See Journal of Conchology, 23: 120.

Sulliotti, Giorgio Roberto (1859-1925): Collection in the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa, Italy. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Gestro, 1928. Ann. Mus. Stor. nat. Genoa, 52: 132-137; Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 227

Tankerville, Charles Bennet (1743-1822): Collector. His collection included material from the Calonne and Portland collections. After his death the collection was bought by G. B. Sowerby 1st who wrote a catalogue for it in 1825 and resold it lot by lot. There is also material in the Jeffreys collection in the Smithsonian Institution (Washington D.C., USA). Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1942. Shell Sales, II, III. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 25: 32-33.

Tapparone-Canefri, Cesare Maria (1838-1891): Collection in the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa, Italy. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: The Nautilus, 7: 8-9. See Jutting, 1962. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. nat. Genoa, 73: 1-18 (selection of lectotypes for non marine New Guinea species)

Tate, Ralph (1840-1901): Professor of geology at the University of Adelaide, Australia Collection in the South Australian Museum, Adelaide Museum, Australia. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 5: 157-158.

Taylor, Thomas Lombe (1802-1874): Collector. Amassed a very fine collection which was used extensively by L. Reeve and G. B Sowerby for their books. The collection was sold in London, UK, in June 1880 and July 1929. J. C. Melvill bought the whole of the Minoliae and Solariellae in 1880 and they are now in the National Mueum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Before the sale the British Museum was allowed to select the types and figured specimens that they wanted for their collections so types and G. B. Sowerby's figured specimens are in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. See Dance, S. P., 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 169, 170, 174, 228; Lingwood, P. F. and McMillan, N. F., 1981. Archives of Natural History, 10: 347-358.

Terver, Ayre Paulini (1798-1875): His collection was rich in land and freshwater molluscs. There is a collection in Lyon Natural History Museum, France, and an earlier one in Marseille Museum, France. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal de Conchyliologie, 24: 129-130.

Thaanum, David D. (1867-1963): Emigrated to US in 1887. Lived in Hawaii. Amateur conchologist. Collecetd extensively in Okinawa, Fiji, Hawaii and the Line Islands. His collection is in the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., USA, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, USA and the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Rehder, H. A., 1969. Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 24: 27-45, portraits.

Theobold, W. (1829-1908): Assistant in th Geological Survey of India. Collected in India. Material in the Natural History Museum, London, UK; the Indian Museum, Calcutta, India; and the Cambridge University Museum of Zoology, UK. A few types in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, ex Fedden collection and the Melvill-Tomlin collection. A small collection was presented to Bristol Museum, UK, in 1868. See Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1946. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 26, part 6: 178

Tindall, W. A. (d. 1944): Captain of the SS Patrick Stewart 1887-1912 of the Indo-European Telegraph Company which was used by F. W. Townsend for his dredging in the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Tissot, Marcel Theodrore (1807-1888): Collector. Collection acquired by P. Geret and dispersed. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal de Conchyliologie, 37: 96.

Torell, O. (1828-1900): Collection in the Rijksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden. There is material in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, from this source acquired via the Rijksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden. There is also type material in the Jeffreys collection in the United States National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Townsend, Frederick W.: Flourished 1887-948. Chief of the Telegraph Staff of the Indo-European Telegraph Company and later Commander of a ship repairing the telegraph cable in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman and was the source of nearly all the new species described by J. C. Melevill and R. Standen from that area. Types of new species from Persian Gulf etc. are nearly all in the Natural History Museum, London, UK, Manchester Museum, UK and Melvill-Tomlin, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Large residual collection in the Natural History Museum, London, UK, and many specimens in collection Melvill-Tomlin, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Trew, A., 1987. James Cosmo Melvills New Molluscan Names. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff: 1-84.

Turton, William Henry (1856-1938): In 1884-1886 was stationed on St. Helena. When stationed in South Africa he concentrated on collecting shells from just one beach. Wrote Shells of Port Alfred in1934. He was an inveterate splitter and described a great many new varieties. Collections in Oxford University Zoology Museum, UK; the United States National Museum, Washington, D.C., USA; Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal of Conchology, 21: 66-68 See Bartsch. P., 1915. Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum, Bulletin 91; Dance, S. P., 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 179, 229.

Tweedie, M. W. F.: Worked in the Raffles Museum, Singapore. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Twells, J. O.: A collector who lived in South Africa and also worked on the "Mekran" coast [Iraq/Iran]. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Vaucher, Henry: Was based in Tanger for several years, and during this time collected in the local region, providing material for naturalists such as Coquand, Grasset, Tarnier, Kobelt Favier, Pechaud and Pallary. Henry Vaucher also returned on a trip to the Atlas in 1901. His collection is in Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, but there is some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection (via Pallary).

Wagner, Anton J. (1866-1928): Director of the Zoological Museum in Warsaw, Poland where his collection is now housed. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff including type material described by Wagner. Much of this material is from the Balkans region. Some of the type material was purchased by Tomlin from Hermann Rolle.

Walker, Bryant (1856-1936): Lawyer and Amateur conchologist. Collection in the Michigan University Museum of Zoology, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Duplicates in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary The Nautilus, 50: 59-64.

Walker, John James (1851-1939): Naval Engineer and Amateur entomologist. He was chief engineer on board HMS Penguin during surveying operations off the north-west coast of Australia during 1890-1891 when he collected shells which were presented to the Natural History Museum, London, UK, in 1891 by the Lords of the Admiralty. A small collection of shells was presented to the Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland by G. D. Hale in 1941 and is now in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of London, 1939: 260-262.

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913): Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary:Zoologist, fourth series, 42: 468-471.

Waller, Horace (1833-1896): Missionary and vicar. Received shells via Dr. Emin Pasha from the Albert Nyanza, central Africa, prior to 1888. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dictionary of National Biography, 20: 586.

Wallis, Gustav (1850-1878): Botanist. Travelled widely in South America and the Philippines. Collection of South American land shells and Mauritius ahells sold in London, UK, in March 1877. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 27: 94. See also: Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1942. Shell Sales, II, III. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 25, part 1: 25

Walpole, William White: His collection was sold in 1877. The British material was bought by R. F. Damon who sold it to P. B. Mason. In 1872 Walpole published an Exhange List of Unionidae. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Winckworth. Journal of Conchology, 20: 186-189. Tomlin, J. R. le B., 1942. Shell Sales, II, III. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 25: 33

Waterhouse, G. J.: A friend of J. Brazier of Australia circa 1895-1916. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Waterston, James (1879-1930): In 1917 he was appointed to the Malaria Commission in Macedonia with a commission in the R.A.M.C. After the war he went to work in the British Museum (Natural History), London. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Obituary: Entomologists Monthly Magazine, 66: 141-142.

Webb, Philip Barker (1793-1854): Collected on the Atlantic islands, Iberian peninsula and Morocco. Worked with Berthelot on the fauna of the Canary Islands. Collection in Florence, Italy. Shells described by d'Orbigny in Webb and Berthelots Histoire Narurelle des Iles Canaries in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Journal of Conchology, 6: 207-208; Melvill, J. C., 1890. British Pioneers in Recent Conchological Science. Journal of Conchology, 6: 207-208

Webb, Walter Freeman (1869-1957): Sheller dealerwho lived in New York, USA. Moved to Florida in 1946. Bought and sold several collections including those of Quadras, James Lewis, John Ritchie and Gude. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Abbott, R. Tucker, and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 173

Weber, Max Wilhem Carl (1852-1927): Professor and Director of the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Organized the Siboga Expedition and joined several expeditions to the Dutch East Indies, South Africa. Material in various Dutch universities. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Pieters, F. F. J. M., and de Visser. J., 1993. The scientific career of the zoologist Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852-1937). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 62: 193-214 and Moolenbeek, R. G. and van der Bijl, A.N., 1994. Die malacologen bij Natura Artis Magistra en het Zo├Âlogisch Museum Amsterdam 1838-1964: 29, 34

Welwitsch, Frederich: In 1853 he led a Portuguese expedition to Angola and west Africa. The mollusca were described by A. Morelet 1868. A duplicate set of the shells collected was received by the Natural History Museum, London, UK, in 1876. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Westerlund, Carl Agardh (1831-1908): Material in the Natural History Museum, G├Âteborg, Sweden; the Rijksmuseum, Stockholm, Sweden; the Lund Museum, Sweden; Dublin Museum, Eire; and Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, Glasgow, UK. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dance, S. P. 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 230

Wheeler, Harry Edgar (1874-1958): Field Museum, Chicago, 1924-1925; Curator, Alabama Museum of Natural History, 1925-1928; Curator, Birmingham Museum, Alabama. 1928-1933. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Abbott, R. T. and Young, M. E., 1973-1974. American Malacologists: 175.

Whithead, John (1860-1899): Ornithologist Went on a collecting trip to Borneo, Java and Sumatra 1884-1888. In 1893-1896 went to the Philippines and again in 1899. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Dictionary of National Biography, 21: 104

Wilmer, Lewis Worthington (1838-1923): Army Officer who rose to the the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Amassed a large collection of shells on his travels notably from the Andaman Islands. Donated a collection of Andamanese shells to the Natural History Museum, London, UK, in 1878. There was also a collection sold in London, UK, in March 1903. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. See Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 15: 239-240.

Wollaston, Thomas Vernon (1822-1878): Malacologist and collector, who was also keen Coleopterist. He wrote the definitive volume of the terrestrial molluscs of the Atlantic Islands, as well as other publications the molluscs of NW Africa. He was executor of the will of his co-author R. T. Lowe who died in 1874, hence his collection acquired R.T. Lowe syntypes as well as Wollaston's own material. After his death his widow sold off the collection and many were acquired by H. B. Preston and dispersed to many other collections. Material from T.V. Wollaston's collection from the Atlantic Islands and NW Africa is here in the Melvill-Tomlin collection includes syntypes. Obituary: Journal de Conchyliologie, 27: 93.

Wood, McKinnon: Collected in Kenya. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Wright, Bruce McMurdo (d. 1874): Dealer in shells and fossils. Some material in the Melvill-Tomlin collection in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Known to have bought shells at the Dennison sale (1865) and the Norris sale (1873).See Dance, S. P., 1986. A History of Shell Collecting: 167, 169, 171

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