Lower Plants Collections

Fissidens celticus

The origins of the botanical collections in Cardiff began in 1867 when Cardiff Naturalists Society formed and influenced the development of Cardiff Free Library, Museum and Schools of Science and Art. The first noteworthy botanical purchase of the society was in 1870 with the Conway Collection.

An estimated 337,000 specimens in Amgueddfa Cymru — National Museum Wales herbarium are lower plants, mainly consisting of bryophytes (mosses, liverworts and hornworts) coming to around 280,000 specimens. However, there are also many specimens of lichens (45,000), fungi (6,700) and algae (5,000).

Keeping the collections safe and in good condition is part of the job of curators who work closely with the conservation department in the Museum.

Online Collections

Explore the collections online. We are gradually adding to these, so further catalogues will become available.

  • National Museum Cardiff

    National Museum Cardiff

    Discover art, natural history and geology. With a busy programme of exhibitions and events, we have something to amaze everyone, whatever your interest – and admission is free!

  • St Fagans National History Museum

    St Fagans

    St Fagans is one of Europe's foremost open-air museums and Wales's most popular heritage attraction.

  • Big Pit National Coal Museum

    Big Pit

    Big Pit is a real coal mine and one of Britain's leading mining museums. With facilities to educate and entertain all ages, Big Pit is an exciting and informative day out.

  • National Wool Museum

    National Wool Museum

    Located in the historic former Cambrian Mills, the Museum is a special place with a spellbinding story to tell.

  • National Roman Legion Museum

    National Roman Legion Museum

    In AD 75, the Romans built a fortress at Caerleon that would guard the region for over 200 years. Today at the National Roman Legion Museum you can learn what made the Romans a formidable force and how life wouldn't be the same without them.

  • National Slate Museum

    National Slate Museum

    The National Slate Museum offers a day full of enjoyment and education in a dramatically beautiful landscape on the shores of Llyn Padarn.

  • National Waterfront Museum

    National Waterfront Museum

    The National Waterfront Museum at Swansea tells the story of industry and innovation in Wales, now and over the last 300 years.

  • Rhagor: Explore our collections

    Rhagor (Welsh for ‘more’) offers unprecedented access to the amazing stories that lie behind our collections.