The Gardens at the Museum of Welsh Life St Fagans


The Castle Gardens
The Castle Gardens

St Fagans Castle and its gardens lie in the discrete eastern part of the Museum grounds. Within the boundary walls, the 7 hectares of formal and semi-formal displays show the type of garden that developed around the houses of the gentry during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The formal gardens are approached via the semi-formal landscaped arboretum and pine-tree walk towards the elegant sculpted terraces of the castle itself. Many of these features are original to the site: the fishponds, which lie below the castle terraces, were initially used to produce fish for the table, and are thought to be mediaeval, whilst just upstream lies the Water Garden, which was designed and constructed by the eminent Victorian designer James Pulham. The formal terraces themselves were completed in 1871, and feature white cast iron urns on the stone balustrading, overlooking roses trellises, with specimen tree varieties, such as the magnificent fern-leafed beech.

The Patrerre
The Patrerre

Next to the castle is the more formal layout of the Parterre, with divided areas enclosed in low box hedging and a central fountain. This parterre forms a quarter of a larger rectangular garden, which also includes a bowling green, thyme garden and knot garden, showing how gardens were divided before more informal landscape gardening became fashionable.

Ulrich Bremmer Rose

The Rosery as it appears today has been recreated as it appeared when it was originally laid out in 1899, based on original photographs of the castle and formal gardens taken between 1890 and 1915, together with the original plan and a complete list of roses grown at the time. One of the most fragrant areas of the formal gardens, the Rosery combines displays of original Tea, Hybrid Perpetual and Hybrid Tea roses in both beds and trellises, with a central circular canal surrounding a bay arbour.

The Italian Garden
The Italian Garden

One of the most recent projects on site, the Italian Garden is situated behind high stone walls near the Castle. Originally a very private garden, the simple rectangular shape includes grass steps and terraces; its 'Italianate' air is enhanced by the use of orange trees, colourful herbaceous borders and a serene water feature.

  • National Museum Cardiff

    National Museum Cardiff

    Discover art, natural history and geology. With a busy programme of exhibitions and events, we have something to amaze everyone, whatever your interest – and admission is free!

  • St Fagans National History Museum

    St Fagans

    St Fagans is one of Europe's foremost open-air museums and Wales's most popular heritage attraction.

  • Big Pit National Coal Museum

    Big Pit

    Big Pit is a real coal mine and one of Britain's leading mining museums. With facilities to educate and entertain all ages, Big Pit is an exciting and informative day out.

  • National Wool Museum

    National Wool Museum

    Located in the historic former Cambrian Mills, the Museum is a special place with a spellbinding story to tell.

  • National Roman Legion Museum

    National Roman Legion Museum

    In AD 75, the Romans built a fortress at Caerleon that would guard the region for over 200 years. Today at the National Roman Legion Museum you can learn what made the Romans a formidable force and how life wouldn't be the same without them.

  • National Slate Museum

    National Slate Museum

    The National Slate Museum offers a day full of enjoyment and education in a dramatically beautiful landscape on the shores of Llyn Padarn.

  • National Waterfront Museum

    National Waterfront Museum

    The National Waterfront Museum at Swansea tells the story of industry and innovation in Wales, now and over the last 300 years.

  • Rhagor: Explore our collections

    Rhagor (Welsh for ‘more’) offers unprecedented access to the amazing stories that lie behind our collections.