Amgueddfa Cymru — National Museum Wales


Yn ddiweddar, des i ar draws ffeithiau anhygoel ar wefan y BBC am y gwasanaeth post yn ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf. Ar anterth y brwydro, roedd hyd at 12 miliwn o lythyrau’r wythnos yn cael eu dosbarthu o Brydain i dir mawr Ewrop. Ar ben hyn, ar ddiwrnod arferol, roedd 19,000 o sachau post yn croesi’r Sianel a 375,000 o lythyrau yn cael eu sensori gan yr awdurdodau.

Yn naturiol, roedd derbyn cyfarchion o gartref yn hwb fawr i ysbryd y milwyr ar faes y gad. Yn yr un modd, roedd derbyn pwt o lythyr o’r ffrynt yn lleddfu gofid eu teuluoedd nôl yng Nghymru, am ryw hyd beth bynnag. Roedd Walter Vicarage o Abertawe yn ymwybodol iawn o hyn pan ysgrifennodd nodyn at ei fam o Ffrainc ym Medi 1915:

No doubt you will get my next letter from the trenches as we are expected to go in soon… I had a letter from Uncle Tom; he also told me Uncle David was there. I must write to him when I have time. I have only written to May once. I know she is in a stew about it, but I must try now and let you both have some news regular[ly] or at least as often as I can.

Bu Kate Rowlands yn llythyru â sawl cymydog oddi cartref yn 1915. Yn ei dyddiadur, mae’n nodi ei bod wedi ysgrifennu llythyron at Robert Daniel Jones (os gofiwch chi, fe ymunodd â’r Ffiwsilwyr Brenhinol Cymreig ym Mawrth 1915), a’i ffrind Anwen Roberts a oedd yn nyrsio gyda’r Groes Goch lawr yng Nghasnewydd. Fwy nag unwaith, mae’n sôn am bostio llythyrau yn y Sarnau – 'mynd i’r post min nos' yw’r ymadrodd sy’n ymddangos droeon yn y dyddiadur.

I'w chyfeillion yng Nghwm Main, roedd diffyg cyfleusterau postio yn bwnc llosg. Roedd y gymuned hon yn gartref i John Jones yr Hendre, ei wraig a'u plant - yn eu plith, Thomas (Tomi'r Hendre) a Winnie (Win). Does prin wythnos pan nad yw Kate yn crybwyll y teulu hwn yn ei dyddiadur.

Yma yn Sain Ffagan, mae gennym bentwr o archifau a roddwyd i'r Amgueddfa gan Winnie Jones yn y 1960au. Ymysg y papurau mae drafft o lythyr a ysgrifennwyd gan ei thad at y postfeistr yn cwyno am ddiffyg blwch post yn ardal Cwm Main a'r Maerdy. Mae'r casgliad hefyd yn cynnwys traethawd yn dwyn y teitl 'Cwm Main yn yr hanner can mlynedd diwethaf' a ysgrifennwyd gan Winnie yn 1940. Ynddo, mae'n cofio ymgyrch leol i gael blwch post newydd i'r gymdogaeth:

Yn 1908 casglwyd enwai [sic] yn yr ardal a gwnaed apel daer ond gwrthodwyd eto, ond nid bobl i ildio oedd yn byw yma yr adeg hono ac anfonent i Gorwen o hyd ac yn 1921 cafwyd y letter box hir disgwyliedig i gael ei gasglu yn y bore.

I ddathlu'r achlysur, ysgrifennodd Morris Jones, Llwynonn, gerdd o fawl i'r blwch post newydd:

Bu llawer o sibrwd a siarad

A dadlau yng Nghorwen yn dost

Cael cyfle mwy hwylus i'r ardal

i roddi llythyrau y Post

Ond heddyw mae popeth yn hwylus

Rwy'n canmol John Jones am ei waith

Yn lle rhedeg a chwysu trwy'r Sarnau

I'r Cefn i bostio cyn saith.

Ymysg archifau Winnie Jones mae cerdyn post a dderbyniodd ei rhieni gan ei brawd, Tomi'r Hendre, yn 1916. Ar y pryd, roedd yn hyfforddi gyda'r Ffiwsilwyr Brenhinol Cymreig ym Mharc Cinmael. Cewch glywed mwy am hanes Tomi ar y blog cyn hir. Yn y cyfamser, cofiwch bod modd i chi weld dros wythdeg o gardiau post o gyfnod y Rhyfel Mawr ar ein gwefan, ynghyd â sawl llythyr a thelegram.

(with apologies to Lord Tennyson)

Our bachelor boys have had a visit to the beauty parlour for a wash and brush up, and now it’s time for them to leave us. As they have been bred from our pedigree flock they must go elsewhere in search of love, so they’re off to market to be sold as stud animals.

Our breeding rams will be going into the field with the ewes at the beginning of October and we’ll be expecting the first lambs to be born at the beginning of March. So look out ladies – here come the boys!












The South Wales Miners’ Eisteddfod started in 1948 in Porthcawl, and Amgueddfa Cymru has a number of programmes for various years in the collection. This copy is for the Eisteddfod held in October 1971, and has been donated recently. The Porthcawl Eisteddfod was made world famous in 1957 when the famous US actor, singer and Civil Rights Movement leader, Paul Robeson made a famous broadcast. In 1938 Paul Robeson had been in Wales filming 'The Proud Valley'. This film introduced him to the miners of the Rhondda, and he was invited to sing at the South Wales Miners’ Eisteddfod. In 1950 Robeson had been denied a passport to travel abroad. Still wanting to appear at the Eisteddfod he used the transatlantic telephone cables to transmit his concert from New York to an audience of miners and their families in the Grand Pavilion at Porthcawl. It was a gesture of international solidarity. There is a copy of this recording made on 5th October 1957 in the museum's collection.

This pocket watch and protective snuff tin has been donated this month, and was used by the donor at Cwmtillery Colliery in the late 1970s. A protective case was a common way for mineworkers to protect their watches from dust and knocks. In this case a new use has been made for the snuff tin. We have other protective watch cases in the collection that were speciffically made for that purpose. The pocket watch shown is an example of a pocket watch in a protective brass and glass pocket watch case, which was known as a turnip. This watch was owned by Mr Evan Weston who was killed in the explosion at Universal Colliery, Senghenydd, 14 October 1913.

The final object this month is this real photograph postcard showing the officials of Meiros Colliery, Llanharran in 1920. Meiros Colliery probably opened in the 1880s, and closed about 1938.

Mark Etheridge
Curator: Industry & Transport
Follow us on Twitter - @IndustryACNMW

This is a void appreciation post.

It's not often that we have a lot of time to reflect on what we do, because there's always so much to do. So, before I jump into venue hire revamps; finishing off a piece of prep for this Women's Archive Wales conference and helping with new 'suggest an event' pages, let's look into the murky abyss and just take a minute to breathe.

The Sea's Edge

Nice, no? [The Sea's Edge, Arthur Giardelli]

Since 'keeping busy' is the other Welsh national sport, it's not for everyone - but I'm a firm believer in taking stock, staying still for a minute, and listening. There'll always be a call: an email that's fallen down the back of the sofa, a book you've been meaning to pick up, or a colleague you'd like to make more time for will pop upstairs and say hi.

Evaluation and Taking Stock

We're in transition as a department - welcoming two new team members this week - and have been working, quite separately and like the clappers recently, on various projects, on web, galleries, social, governance, research and planning.

Graham, who heads the Content Team (and who I will now be calling Captain Content if he lets me), has been taking part in a cross-sector project looking at evaluation and taking stock, called Let's Get Real. Last week, he braved their Crit Room in Brighton, where he presented our work for open criticism and questioning. Curiously scary.

The results of the crit have been a real encouragement - I had been worrying about the size of our twitter network, since the time cost of keeping everyone trained up is ever growing for me. But, we were encouraged to see it as a sign that we're a healthy, tweeting organisation.

I am really trying to believe them.

Feedback from the Crit Room

Self-deprecation aside, I'm quietly happy with how we're working as a network, and really chuffed to see people really run with the new skills they've acquired on social media. In fact, while totting up some numbers for an unrelated report last week I saw we'd passed a great milestone - as a network, we now have over 125,000 followers on twitter alone. I know it's not just a numbers game, but there's something reassuring about those great, neat, empty 000s in a row.

The Crit Room also had great words of encouragement for Chris, who's built all the foundation for the website redesign (and much more besides), and the rest of the team - namely that our digital offer was 'highly rewarding, rich and satisfying'. I can't stop thinking of coffee when I read those words. Speaking of which: time to stop blogging about stopping now, and start stopping for a cuppa.

Teacups & Memories

The Exhibition: Fragile?  

Fragile? is an exhibition of contemporary ceramics at National Museum Cardiff, showcasing the beauty and variety of contemporary ceramics practice. The exhibition explores the artistic and expressive possibilities of clay as a material, including the contradiction between two of its innate qualities – durability and fragility. The exhibition includes items from the National Museum’s collection, shown alongside exciting new ceramic installations made especially for this exhibition.  

Dementia-friendly workshops – Free! But limited availability so please book in advance

On October 1st we will be running a day of free workshops for people living with dementia and their carers, with activities inspired by the Fragile? exhibition. The workshops will be relaxed and friendly. No previous experience is required for any of the activities. Tea and biscuits will be provided and chatting is encouraged! Some sessions may be photographed, so that we have a record of our activities, but you can always ‘opt out’ of being photographed. 

Workshop schedule 

Explore the exhibition, 11am-1pm. Maximum 10 people - please book in advance

In the morning, we will take a spotlight tour of some objects in the Fragile? exhibition. You will not be given a full tour of the whole exhibition as it is quite large! There will be tea, cake, and music with different ceramic items available for you to touch, hold and chat about. A family member, friend or helper is very welcome to attend with you.

Lunch, 1 – 2pm.  Maximum 20 people – please book in advance

We would love for you to join us for lunch if you have taken part in either or both of our sessions. Family members, friends and helpers are also invited.

Teapots and Clay pots, 2pm-4pm. Maximum 10 people – please book in advance

In this fun, hands-on session led by artist Jess Midgley, you can have a go at modelling and pattern making with clay. A family member, friend or helper is very welcome to attend with you.

To enquire or book a place please email