Amgueddfa Cymru — National Museum Wales

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Yn ei dyddiadur echddoe, soniodd Kate ei bod yn mynd i fferm y Fedwarian, Rhyduchaf, am y ‘week end’. Yn ddiweddar mae hi hefyd wedi bod yn 'white washio' ei llofft ac yn gwibio o le i le ar ei 'bike'. Ar yr olwg gyntaf, mae geiriau fel hyn yn edrych yn chwithig mewn dyddiadur wedi ei leoli mewn cymuned a chyfnod o'i fath. Ond o gofio cefndir Kate, efallai nad yw hi’n syndod iddi fabwysiadu rhai ymadroddion Saesneg fel rhan o’i iaith bob dydd.

Mae cyfrifiad 1911 yn dangos ei bod yn medru’r ddwy iaith – y Gymraeg a’r Saesneg. Felly hefyd ei mam, Alice Jane Ellis. Er hyn, Cymraeg yn unig oedd iaith ei llys-dad, Ellis Roberts Ellis. Os gofiwch chi, ganwyd Kate yn y Brymbo, ger Wrecsam, ble roedd ei thad – David Williams – yn gweithio yn y diwydiant dur. Fel ei mam, roedd yntau hefyd yn frodor o Gefnddwysarn, ond bu farw mewn damwain yn y gweithle pan roedd hi’n naw mis oed. Yn ddiweddarach, ailbriododd ei mam ac aeth y teulu bach newydd i fyw i Lantisilio yn 1897. Roedd Kate yn bum mlwydd oed ar y pryd, ac yn ddeuddeg pan ddychwelodd y teulu i Feirionnydd. Dyma ei hatgofion o’r cyfnod:

Mi ailbriododd mam a mi athon ni i fyw i Llantisilio i ochor Llangollen wedyn yn de… Sisnigedd iawn o’dd fano. A dw i’n diolch am hynny heddiw hefyd ynde, i mi gael yn nhrwytho yn y Saesneg i fynd drwy’r byd… Doedd dim [Cymraeg] tu allan i’r ty.

Wrth wrando ar lais Kate Rowlands ar y tapiau sain sydd yma yn Sain Ffagan, mae’n rhyfedd meddwl amdani’n siarad Saesneg o gwbl! Yn ôl ei theulu, bu Kate yn gweini yn Lerpwl yn y blynyddoedd cyn 1915 a chafodd flas mawr ar fywyd dinesig. Roedd hi’n canlyn Bob Price Rowlands ar y pryd (ei gwr yn ddiweddarach) a bu yntau hefyd yn gweithio yn nociau Lerpwl am sbel. Mae ei ddyddiadur o'r cyfnod ym meddiant y teulu. Yn ôl bob sôn, mae'r iaith yn troi i'r Saesneg yn fwya' sydyn - dylanwad y ddinas mae'n siwr.

Bydd cyfle eto i ysgrifennu blog ehangach am iaith dyddiadur Kate, ond am y tro mwynhewch eich weekend.

As part of Volunteers’ Week 2015 Amgueddfa Cymru invited the Volunteers, Community Partners and Staff who helped to build Bryn Eryr to a special preview event.

Bryn Eryr is our newly built Iron Age Farmstead which will be open to the public in the near future. Our volunteers and staff have helped with all elements of this build; from mixing clay to make the walls, to making nettle rope, to threshing spelt and even thatching the roof! They have been busy building this farmstead for the last 12 months, in preparation for the thousands of visitors and school children who will come to experience what life might have been like in the Iron Age.  

Our Bryn Eryr celebration was a great chance for everyone to bring family and friends, and even their dogs to see the outcome of all their hard work. Our learning department held activities for everyone to get involved in. There was copper beating, rope making and wool spinning, so everyone learnt a new skill and had fun in the process. This gave us a great chance to trial these activities before Bryn Eryr opens officially.

This marked the end of Amgueddfa Cymru’s Volunteers’ Week celebrations and as a final note we would like to thank everyone who has volunteered with us, either as an individual, in a group or to the 1025 visitors who last summer helped us make nettle rope, without your ongoing support we wouldn’t have achieved this.

We are celebrating our new exhibition Chalkie Davies the NME Years with some great new products.

Catalogue

A 54 page catalogue containing over 40 plates of photographs from Ziggy era Bowie through to the Two Tone movement and Punk and beyond. The book’s introduction is by acclaimed journalist Jon Savage.

Postcard Box

Chalkie Davies has chosen 24 of his photographs for this box of postcards. This set of portraits include subjects as diverse as The Ramones, Dolly Parton, the Sex Pistols and Elton John and span Chalkie’s work during the late 1970s and 1980s.

Design: Barney Bubble Estate

Poster

An A1 sized exhibition poster featuring a striking image of Lemmy from Motorhead.

Magnet Sets

Two sets of themed magnets featuring David Byrne and Julian Cope and The Specials and John Lydon.

Camera Jewellery

Whether you used a Kodak Instamatic or a Polaroid Supercolour you’ll love these fun pieces of jewellery from Ladybird Likes.

Back in August 2014 the National Museum Cardiff received its two newly bred colonies of honeybees.  Due to the timing of the bee keepers training and the specific needs for colonies to be bred on Deep National frames the bees arrived much later in the season than we were anticipating.  The two new “nucs” (nuclei of bees) were rehomed in new hives situated on the roof of the Museum where there is adequate space for the beekeepers to work safely and have adequate shelter from the worst of the weather. From the outset we realized that production of honey wasn’t likely to be an option in the first year with the bees putting all their efforts into building their numbers and storing adequate reserves to see them through the Welsh winter months. During September and October the bees worked hard gathering nectar and storing honey for the months ahead however even from the outset it was immediately clear that one hive was far more productive that the other. The bees in our better hive probably tripled in numbers, whereas the bees in the other hive were sulking! In late September both the hives were treated for parasitic Varroa mites and we were all astonished that so many mites were present in two relatively new colonies. Along with the Varroa treatment the bees were fed. We placed frame feeders inside the hives and fed invert syrup (a sugar syrup where the sucrose sugar has already been split into glucose and fructose thus allowing the bees to expend less energy metabolizing it). The feeding seemed to be going well until in early October approximately 600+ bees from the weaker of the two hives drowned in the feeder. This occurrence is unusual but not completely unheard of, however our sulking colony was further weakened by this unfortunate incident. Fearing for the weaker of the two colonies we readied the hives for the winter and closed them up until the spring.

The winter itself wasn’t a particularly cold one and by mid February colleagues were reporting that they had seen bees in the gardens around the museum. Reports from maintenance staff using the roof suggested that both colonies had survived and on the warmer days, were out foraging in the parks surrounding the museum. Robin and I made our first very provisional inspection on a warm sunny day in mid March. We opened the hives and took a look at the numbers of bees inside. Since the air temperature really wasn’t all that high we opted not to remove frames of bees and potentially chill any unhatched brood so instead we just observed and noted the level of activity and numbers of bees in the hives without disturbing them. The difference between the two hives was shocking! The stronger hive had 6 or 7 full frames of bees while the other had only 1 full frame! Despite the less strong hive having plentiful reserves of honey we made an immediate decision to start feeding the colony in an attempt to strengthen and hopefully resurrect it.

 In the last week of March (26th) our beekeeping mentor, Pete from Natures Little Helpers, came to do our first proper inspection.  We went through the strong hive finding the queen looking healthy and laying eggs just as she should be. The numbers of bees in this hive was already growing and the hive was filling up quickly. The weaker hive was very different, Pete initially suspected that the queen might not be present but a quick inspection of the brood area of the hive suggested that eggs were being laid and that a mated queen was present. The hunt for the queen commenced and since we didn’t have lots of bees to look through we eventually found her. She was a new queen, different to that when we got the colony and had never been marked. Our other queen carries a lovely green spot on her back making her quite obvious, however finding this unmarked queen was quite a task. What we noticed immediately was that some of the cells contained not one egg as you’d normally expect but two or three. Pete explained that this sometimes happens when there are not enough worker bees in the colony to prepare brood cells ready for the queen. These multiple laid cells were not going to be viable and ultimately no bees would result from that those eggs. In order to help this weaker colony we decided to try and reinforce the worker bee numbers by moving some frames of unhatched and juvenile bees from our rapidly growing strong hive into the weeker hive. It seems incredible that this is possible but apparently the new bees will become accustomed to the new scent of their adopted queen and switch their allegiance. We carefully, making sure not to move the queen, moved one good full frame of unhatched brood from the centre of our strong hive into the centre of the weaker hive. We then installed a homemade contact feeder  (made from a jar with a perforated top), which in the absence of syrup we filled with honey.

Our weekly inspections then began on good warm days when the wind wasn’t too strong! Keep posted for further updates from our Museum's Beekeepers.

A peregrine chick has been spotted in the nest on the clock tower of City Hall Cardiff. It appears that there is only one chick this year but after last year's breeding failure this is great news.

Why not follow how the chick gets on by watching our Peregrine cam on National Museum Cardiff or follow up dates via the @CardiffCurator Twitter page.