Crystal System: Monoclinic
Status of Occurrence: Confirmed Occurrence - 1st UK recording
Distribution: Locally Abundant
Chemical Composition: Copper sulphide
Chemical Formula: Cu9S5
Method(s) of Verification: XRD, EDS and reflected light microscopy were all used in the identification of this rare species.
- Supergene: in situ natural oxidation & weathering deposits
Reflected light image showing roxbyite lamellae (grey) in chalcopyrite (yellow) from Dolyhir Quarry. Specimen no. NMW 2011.8G.M.34. Field of view 270 µm. Photo T.F. Cotterell, © National Museum of Wales.
Introduction: a low-temperature alteration product of djurleite and other copper sulphides.
Occurrence in Wales: roxbyite is one of a number of unusual copper sulphides developed through the supergene oxidation of primary copper sulphides (namely chalcopyrite) within limestone at Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor. Considering its rarity worldwide, the relative abundance of roxbyite in some specimens from Dolyhir is made all the more exceptional.
- Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor, Powys: roxbyite is recorded in a number of parageneses at Dolyhir Quarry (Cotterell et al., 2011), but always as extremely fine-grained lamellae intergrown with chalcopyrite, djurleite or covelline within limestone.
- Cotterell, T.F., Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., Mason, J.S., Starkey, R.E. and Tindle, A.G., 2011. The Mineralogy of Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 32, 5-61.