Crystals and minerals of Wales
Minerals have played a major role in the economic and social development of Wales since the Bronze Age. Since these ancient times, mineral outcrops and mines have been worked throughout Wales; by Romans and Cistercian Monks, and on into the heyday of Welsh metal mining in the mid nineteenth century, when virtually every outcropping vein or fault was tried by the drivage of adits or the sinking of shallow shafts.
There are currently around 4,900 officially recognized mineral species known to occur globally, of which, 430 have been confirmed from Wales.
Here we present a gallery of Welsh minerals for you to enjoy the incredible colours, forms and lustre of these magnificent museum specimens.
Please click on the images below for more information.
Crystals and Minerals
- 1 July 2009
Over 400 different mineral species occur in Wales, approximately ten percent of all those known. Ten minerals were first discovered in Wales and have been named after famous Welsh geologists, mineralogists, places and even the Museum itself.
- 25 October 2008
- 21 August 2007