You are here: Explore Our Collections > Trapped in Time

Trapped in Time

Fungus Gnat (Sciaridae)
Fungus Gnat (Sciaridae)

These small animals look like they died yesterday, but they are actually about 50 million years old.

A student on work experience at the Museum used new software to image our amber collection. Using a microscope, photos were taken from different depths inside an amber sample. The in-focus parts of each photo were then merged to create a single clear image.

Windows on an ancient world

These animals died after becoming trapped in soft sticky resin produced by conifer trees as protection against fungal infection. When the trees died their resin was buried underground in layers of vegetation and sediment - eventually becoming hardened by pressure and heat to form amber.

Most of our amber comes from the Baltic Sea region. The trapped animals include ants, aphids, beetles, flies, gnats, harvestmen, moths, nematode worms, spiders, and wasps. These forest creatures lived at least 50 million years ago in the Eocene epoch. This was a time of greenhouse climate which was much warmer than today due to higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

There’s also a wasp preserved in amber from Cretaceous sediments of New Jersey, USA – which makes it old enough to have seen the dinosaurs!

Looking after amber

We store our amber in air tight containers in a room where the temperature and amount of water vapour in the air (humidity) can be controlled. If amber is exposed to rapid swings between too damp and too dry, tiny cracks can form, and these windows to the past can be broken.

Article by: Trevor Bailey, Tilly Hall, James Jepson, Christian Baars

+ Show comments

---

Leave a comment